Feed Materials, FERMCO, NLO, National Lead, CERCLA, DOE, DOL, EPA, NIOSH, WHPP, Workers Health Protection, Documents  

Video 1 title

This is an example of a Vimeo video, just edit the change the video link, edit the title and this description and if you like, you can also link the continue button to a web page....

Video 2 title

This is an example of a Vimeo video, just edit the change the video link, edit the title and this description and if you like, you can also link the continue button to a web page....

Video 3 title

This is an example of a Vimeo video, just edit the change the video link, edit the title and this description and if you like, you can also link the continue button to a web page....

Video 4 title

This is an example of a Vimeo video, just edit the change the video link, edit the title and this description and if you like, you can also link the continue button to a web page....

 Manhattan Project Badge

Help for EEOICPA claimants

Bookmark and Share
follow EECAP on facebook tweet EECAP EECAP YouTube Channel
get in touch

 Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald Ohio



Fernald is a DOE facility for 1951 to the present so workers are eligible to file for Part B and Part B claims.

Fernald has three Special Exposure Cohorts.  The first and third cover all workers with specific cancers and who were employed at least 250 days between January 1, 1954-December 31, 1978.  The second covers all workers not employed by National Lead of Ohio or DOE with specific cancers and who were employed at least 250 days between January 1, 1951-December 31, 1983.

The Feed Materials Production Center (FMPC) at the Fernald site was established by AEC in 1951 to convert depleted uranium, natural uranium, and low-enriched uranium compounds into uranium metal and to fabricate uranium metal into feed stock for fuel and target elements for reactors that produced weapons-grade plutonium and tritium. The Fernald Plant, operated by National Lead of Ohio (NLO), along with the Weldon Spring Plant in Missouri, were feed materials plants built by the AEC in the 1950s to supply fuel to the increasing number of nuclear reactors located at Hanford and Savannah River. Production operations at the Fernald site continued until July 10, 1989, when they were suspended by the Department of Energy (DOE). DOE formally shut down the facility on June 19, 1991. During its production mission, the Fernald site produced over 225 million kilograms (500 million pounds) of high-purity uranium products to support United States defense initiatives.

Throughout the course of its operations, the potential for beryllium exposure existed at this site, due to beryllium use, residual contamination, and decontamination activities.

The Feed Materials Production Center, located outside of Fernald, Ohio, began operations in 1951.  Fernald converted depleted uranium and low-enriched uranium into metal which was then fabricated into target elements for use in plutonium production reactors at Savannah River Site, Oak Ridge and Hanford.  Fernald also  converted solid UO3 from Hanford into solid UF4, commonly called green salt, which was then converted into uranium hexafluoride at gaseous diffusion plants.  Fernald produced over 227,00 metric tons of high-purity uranium products.  Operations ceased in 1989 and the site officially closed in 1991.


Alternative Names

  • Feed Materials Production Center
  • Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP)
  • National Lead of Ohio (NLO)  


    DOE maintains a CERCLA library at Fernald.  You may access these documents on the webpage.



    DOE Legacy Management has a Fernald Closure Project webpage. 

    DOE Contractors

  • Fluor Fernald (1992-present)
  • Westinghouse (1985-1992)
  • National Lead of Ohio (1951-1985)


    DOL lists Part B and Part E statistics for Fernald and a Site Exposure Matrix for Fernald.



    Ohio EPA has a webpage on Fernald's history.



    NIOSH provides statistics on Fernald dose reconstructions. NIOSH has Technical Basis Documents for Fernald.  Fernald has three Special Exposure Cohorts.


    Worker Health Protection Program

    WHPP has a Fernald webpage.  The phone number for the Fernald Worker Health Protection Program is 812-577-0113.



    Wikipedia has an article on Fernald.


    Fernald Videos

  • Fernald Settlement, Channel 9 News
  • Fernald Site
  • Fernald Uranium Plant 

    Fernald Documents

  • 1995 Epidemiological Surveillance Report-Fernald
  • An Aerial Radiological Survey of the Fernald Environmental Management Project and Surrounding Area
  • Analytical Electron Microscopy Examination
  • ANL-94-38 Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Uranium-Contaminated Soils from the Fernald Site, FY 1993
  • ANL-94-41 Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Fernald Soils
  • ANL-CMT-CP-77656 Analytical Electron Microscopy Examination of Uranium Contamination at the DOE Fernald Operation Site
  • ANL-CMT-CP-79780 Distribution of Uranium-Bearing Phases in Soils from Fernald
  • ANL-EA-CP-84167 Case Study-Evaluation of a Scenario for the Reuse of Structures in the Production Area at Fernald
  • ANL-EAD-TM-73 Authorized Limits for Fernald Copper Ingots
  • ANL-ET-CP-97467 Demonstration of Packaging of Fernald Silo I Waste in Chemically Bonded Phosphate Ceramic
  • ANL-TD-CP-96518 Progress Report of Decommissioning Activities at the FEMP
  • CONF-936205-96 Selective Leaching of Uranium from Uranium-Contaminated Soils
  • CONF-940225-121 Uranium Removal from Soils, An Overview from the Uranium in Soils Integrated Demonstration Program
  • CONF-960741-2 Applying a Life Cycle Decision Methodology to Fernald Waste Management Alternatives
  •  CONF-960804-10 Fernald's Dilemma--Do We Recycle the Radioactively Contaminated Metals, or do We Bury Them
  • CONF-970962 In-situ Mineralization of Actinides for Groundwater Cleanup--Lab. Demonstration with Soil from FEMP
  • Deployment of Porous Crystalline Matrix (GUBKA) for Stabilizing Radioactive Standard Solutions at Fernald
  • Deployment of the GUBKA Technology to Stabilized Radioactive Standard Solutions at the Fernald Environmental Management Project
  • DOE-CH-9504 Development & Testing of the Minimum Additive Waste Stabilization System for Fernald Wastes
  • DOE-EH-0228 Environmental, Safety & Health Progress Assessment of FEMP
  • DOE-EH-0343 Environment Management Assessment of the FEMP
  • DPW-55-17-5 Weekly Report, 100 Areas
  • ENL-48777 Pilot Study Risk Assessment for Selected Problems at the FEMP
  • ER-B-97-03 Audit of Proposal to Acquire Land at the FEMP
  • ER-B-99-04 Audit Report, Credit Card Usage at the Ohio Field Office & Fernald & Mound Environmental Management Projects
  • FEMP-2203 Radon Measurements at the FEMP
  • FEMP-2246 Recycling of Acetone by Distillation
  • FEMP-2274 The Regulatory Compliance Plan for the Minimum Additive Waste Stabilization Program
  • FEMP-2288 Management & Disposition of off-site Laboratory-generated Mixed-Low Level Waste
  • FEMP-2291 Identifying Environmental Safety & Health Requirements for an Environmental Restoration Management Contractor
  • FEMP-2298 Requirements, Guidance & Logic in Planning Environmental Investigations--Approval Versus Implementation
  • FEMP-2303 Uranium Soils Integrated Demonstration, 1993 Status
  • FEMP-2305 The Role of Materials Control and Accountability in Remediation of a DOE Facility
  • FEMP-2314 Meeting the Requirements for a DOE
  • FEMP-2318--Lessons Learned During the D&D of Fernald Plant FEMP-2324 Waste Container Fabrication from Recycled DOE Metal
  • FEMP-2328 Criticality accident Alarm System at the Fernald Environmental Management Project
  • FEMP-2329--Nuclear Criticality Safety Program for Environmental Restoration Projects
  • FEMP-2347 Beneficial Reuse of US DOE Radioactive Scrap Metal
  • FEMP-2353 Standards-Requirements Identification Documents
  • FEMP-2357 Utilization of a Hydraulic Barrier to Control Migration of a Uranium Plume
  • FEMP-2359 Strategy Utilized for Assessing Baseline Risks to Human Health from K-65 & Metal Oxide Residues Stored at the Fernald Site
  • FEMP-2362 Vitrification Development & Experiences at Fernald, Ohio
  • FEMP-2367 Waste Minimization Applications at a Remediation Site
  • FEMP-2379 Accelerating D&D at Fernald, Fast Track Remediation Design-Bid Package
  • FEMP-2382 DOE's Perspective, Reaching Success by Standing on a Three Legged Stool
  • FEMP-2384 Determination of Total & Isotopic Uranium by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry at the FEMP
  • FEMP-2388 Radium Bearing Waste Disposal
  • FEMP-2394 Implementing the Theories a Fully Integrated Project Control System that's Implemented and Works
  • FEMP-2401 CERCLA & RCRA Requirements Affecting Cleanup of a Hazardous Waste Management Unit at a Superfund Site, a Case Study
  • FEMP-2440 Price Anderson Nuclear Safety Rules-Impacts of Implementation
  • FEMP-2441 1994 Site Environmental Report
  • FEMP-2445 Chemical Treatment of Mixed Waste can be done...Today
  • FEMP-2446 Mixed Waste Management at Fernald-Making it Happen Quickly, Economically & Compliantly
  •  FEMP-2459 Interagency Cooperation in the Development of a Cost Effective Transportation and Disposal
  •  FEMP-2486 Integration Removal Actions & Remedial Actions, Soils & Debris Management at the FEMP
  • FEMP-2491 Success in Horizontal Barrier Developments
  • FEMP-2516 Remediation Activities at the FEMP
  • FEMP-2528 Characterization & Remediation of Soil Prior to Construction of an On-Site Disposal Facility at Fernald
  • FEMP-2535 Presidential Rapid Commercialization Initiative for Mixed Waste Solvent Extraction
  • FEMP-2536 Impacted Material Placement Plans--Hickey
  • FEMP-2541 Vitrification Pilot Plant Experiences at Fernald, Ohio
  • FEMP-2544 Radiological Survey Techniques for Decontamination and Dismantlement Application
  • FEMP-2547 The Art of Implosions has Impacted the Success of 3 Decontamination & Decommissioning Projects at Fernald
  • FEMP-2568 Application of In-situ Gamma Spectrometry in the Remediation of Radioactively Contaminated Soil
  • FEMP-2582 The Deployment of a Innovative Real-Time Radiological Soil Characterization System
  • FEMP-2588 Analytical Laboratory Quality Control Charting
  • FEMP-2603 Simplifying Documentation While Approaching Site Closure--Integrated Health & Safety Plans as Documented Safety Analysis
  • FEMP-2604 Implementing 10 CFR 830 at the FEMP Silos, Nuclear Health & Safety Plans as Documented Safety Analysis
  • FEMP-2610 Radon Reduction Experience
  • FEMP-95004724 Draft Final Feasibility Study Report & Proposed Plan for Operable Unit 4 Response to Comments—FEMP
  • FEMP-SUB-058 Uranium Soils Integrated Demonstration-Soil Characterization Project Report
  • FEMP-SUB-060 Innovative Systems for Mixed Waste Retrieval and-or Treatment in Confined Spaces
  • FEMP-SUB-064--Sitewide Soil & Debris Management Program for a DOE Site under Remediation
  • FEMP-SUB-068 A Report on the Proceeding of the Workshop to Address Issues at the FEMP
  • FEMP-SUB-070 Vitrification of Mixed Waste from Uranium Processing Operations
  • FEMP-SUB-080 Electrofishing Survey of the Great Miami river September 1994 Annual Report
  • FEMP-SUB-102 Natural Phenomena Hazards Evaluation of Concrete Silos 1, 2, 3 & 4 at Fernald, Ohio
  • FEMP-SUB-104 Radiological Contamination Penetration Depth in Fernald Transite Panels
  • FEMP-SUB-106 Electrofishing Survey of the Great Miami River, Sept. 1995 Annual Report
  • FEMP-SUB-110 Pragmatic and Cost Efficient D&D
  • FMPC-2215 Radon Suppression in Storage Silos at US DOE FMPC, Fernald, Ohio
  • FMPC-2241 Integration of Removal Actions into the Operations at a DOE Facility
  • FMPC-2577 Ion Exchange Technology in the Remediation of Uranium Contaminated Groundwater at Fernald
  •  IS-5099 Uranium in Solid Integrated Demonstration Site Characterization at Fernald, Ohio
  • LA-13453-MS The Consequences of Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste from the FEMP
  • LA-UR-93-2934 Uranium Speciation if Fernald Soils Progress Report, Oct. 1 1992-May, 31-1993
  • LA-UR-93-2935 Uranium Speciation in Fernald Soils Progress Report-Jan. 1-May 31, 1992
  • LBNL-51387 Technologies to Address Leachate from the On-Sire Disposal Facility at FEMP, Ohio
  • Measurement of Radon, Thoron, Isotopic Uranium & Thorium to Determine Occupational & Environmental Exposure & Risk at Fernald FMPC
  • ORNL-TM-12185 Waste-Surface Mapping of the Fernald K-65 Silos Using a Structured Light Measurement System
  • ORNL-TM-12232--Evaluation of Criticality Alarm Response at the WEMCO Fernald Site
  • ORNL-TM-12985 Cost Results from the 1994 Fernald Characterization Field Demonstration for Uranium-Contaminated Soils
  • ORNL-TM-2004-75 Development of a Remote Long-Reach Retrieval Tool for Use at the Fernald Silos
  • Personal & Environmental Exposure Assessment Measures at Fernald
  • PNL-8617 Surface & Subsurface Characterization of Uranium Contamination at the FEMP
  • PNL-SA-21856 Results of Vitrifying Fernald OU-4 Wastes
  • PNNL-Surrogate Development for Fernald Silos 1 & 2 Accelerated Waste Retrieval Program
  • Results of Vitrifying Fernald OU-4 Wastes
  • SAND2005-7142 A Vadose Zone Transport Processes Investigation within the Glacial Till at FEMP
  • SAND93-4075C Probabilistic Comparison of Alternative Characterization Technologies at the Fernald Uranium-in-Soils Integrated Demonstration Project
  • SAND96-0262 Evaluation of Measurement Reproducibility
  • SAND97-2329 Preliminary Evaluation of the Use of the Greater Confinement Disposal Concept for the Disposal of Fernald 11e(2) Byproduct Material at the Nevada Test Site
  • The Future of Fernald, Community-Based Stewardship Planning
  • TID-10175 Quarterly Progress Report for the Period ending June 30, 1954
  • WSRC-MS-97-00854, Rev. 1--Vitrification of Simulated Fernald K-65 Silo Waste at Low Temperature
  • WSRC-TR-2000-O0523, Rev.0 Characterization of Fernald Silo 3 Waste (U)
  • YLB-15,914 Feasibility Study on Consolidation of Fernald Environmental Management Project Depleted Uranium Materials
  • Environmental Management Assessment of the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP)-1993


    back to top

     QuestionPro provides unparalleled insights and just launched enterprise features including Communities, Customer ExperienceWorkforce and Mobile